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22 Vows Acknowledgement  | Buddhism  DedicationDr Ambedkar Movie  |  Education

THE TRIPLE JEWEL (Tri-Ratana)

 

The Buddha knew it would be difficult for people to follow his teachings on their own, so he established the Three Refuges for them to rely on. If a person wants to become Buddhists take refuge in and rely on the Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Sangha. These are known as the Triple Jewel or Triple Gems or Tri Ratana. The Sangha are the monks and nuns. They live in monasteries and carry on the Buddha's teaching. The word Sangha means 'harmonious community'. The Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Sangha together possess qualities that are precious like jewels and can lead one to enlightenment.

1Buddhabhivadana

Pali

English Translation

Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Samma Sambuddhassa

Honour to Him, the Blessed one, the worthy one, the fully enlightened one

Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Samma Sambuddhassa

Honour to Him, the Blessed one, the worthy one, the fully enlightened one

Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Samma Sambuddhassa

Honour to Him, the Blessed one, the worthy one, the fully enlightened one

 

Tri Ratana Vandana

Pali

English Translation

Buddham saranam gacchami

I go to the Buddha as my refuge

Dhammam saranam gacchami

I go to the Dhamma as my refuge

Sangham saranam gacchami

I go to the Sangha as my refuge

Dutiyampi Buddham saranam gacchami

For the second  time I go to the Buddha as my refuge

Dutiyampi Dhammam saranam gacchami

For the second time I go to the Dhamma as my refuge

Dutiyampi Sangham saranam gacchami

For the second time I go to the Sangha as my refuge

Tatiyampi Buddham saranam gacchami

For the third time I go to the Buddha as my refuge

Tatiyampi Dhammam saranam gacchami

For the third time I go to the Dhamma as my refuge

Tatiyampi Sangham saranam gacchami

For the third time I go to the Sangha as my refuge

A refuge is a place to go for safety and protection, like a shelter in a storm. Taking refuge does not mean running away from life. It means living life in a fuller, truer way.

Taking refuge is also like a man traveling for the first time to a distant city. He will need a guide to show him which path to follow and some traveling companions to help him along the way.

  • The Buddha is the guide.
  • The Dhamma is the path.
  • The Sangha are the teachers or companions along the way.

There is a special ceremony for taking refuge with the Triple Jewel. With a sincere mind, one recites the following verse in front of an ordained monk or nun.

I go to the Buddha for refuge.
I go to the Dhamma for refuge.
I go to the Sangha for refuge.

For a Buddhist, taking refuge is the first step on the path to enlightenment. Even if enlightenment is not achieved in this life, one has a better chance to become enlightened in a future life. One who takes the precepts is called a lay person or common man.  Now we will see each gem in detail.

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